Throughout my career as a psychologist, I have had a chance to work with many children who were diagnosed with dyslexia.
One of the many things that I have learned is that these kids don’t have it easy.
If you are a parent of a child with dyslexia, you’ve definitely had a chance to witness the struggle.
It is difficult to understand why your brain has such a hard time learning how to read, and it gets even harder when you see a lot of your friends mastering reading with far less effort.
This is why it is often challenging for a kid with dyslexia to stay motivated to learn. On top of that, they often question how smart or capable they are, which tends to affect their self-confidence.
Another thing that I’ve learned is that these struggles are easier to deal with when parents are understanding, supportive and knowledgeable about dyslexia.
Helping your kid cope with the difficulties takes a lot of mental strength, positivity, and creativity from you as a parent.
Based on my experience working with kids with diagnosed dyslexia and ones who are at-risk, along with their parents, and my cooperation with reading specialists and speech therapists, I’ve collected some activities that have proven to be the most effective. (at doing what?)
In this article, I am sharing these activities with you.
Table of Contents
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability.
The reading and spelling performance of kids with dyslexia is significantly behind what may be expected, considering their intelligence and education.
Challenges they experience may be linked to the processing of language-based information, their short-term or working memory, coordination, and sequencing, which can affect reading, spelling, comprehension, time assessment and planning of tasks, numeracy, oral skills and the retention of material presented in both visual and auditory modes. 
Early diagnosis can help a lot in providing support for a student to keep up with schoolwork.
Parents can engage experts such as reading specialists, speech therapists or psychologists to work with the child individually and also request adjustments in schools that would allow kids with dyslexia to learn successfully.
The effort parents put into work at home is equally important. There are a lot of effective strategies, activities, and tools that can be used at home to help kids with dyslexia learn better.
Signs of dyslexia are difficult to recognize before school.
However, there are several signs that can signal that your child is at risk for dyslexia.
Some of them are:
Dyslexia tends to run in families. So, if you or your spouse have dyslexia, or if your child has a sibling who has dyslexia, there is a probability that they are at risk.
Still, there is a lot that can be done before school starts that can significantly help with your child’s learning in the long run!
If you feel like your child is at risk for dyslexia, here are some of the activities that can be very effective in helping them improve skills that can allow them to compensate for the challenges that accompany the disability.
These activities are useful for all kids, but especially those at risk for dyslexia.
Fine motor skills are necessary for the activities that involve smaller movements in wrists, hands and fingers. They are crucial for our ability to perform most of the usual, daily self-care tasks such as buttoning clothes, cutting food, tying our shoes or brushing teeth, but also for precise coloring, drawing and writing.
Activities that can help with improving these skills:
You can find more ideas here!
Start with shorter words that are easier to pronounce and try to make activity as fun as possible. Make it multisensory, colorful, engaging!
You can do this by writing in the sand, cutting out the letters from paper or cardboard or making them out of clay or playdough. Putting letters on pebbles, bottle tops or Duplo Bricks is another thing you can do to make them more fun to combine.
By helping your child “build” simple words, you are not only helping them learn how to spell words, but also how to recognize the similarities between how they are pronounced. With that, you are also helping with phonological awareness. Emphasize the length of different vowels. Model proper pronunciation.
You can find more ideas here.
If your child likes worksheets, there are plenty online for free!
Working memory allows us to hold on to and manipulate information that we have in our short-term memory. Kids with dyslexia usually have deficits in their working memory, which makes it hard to retain the image of letters, match them with sounds and perform the task of pronouncing or reading the word out loud.
Activities such as riddles, solving logic problems, playing board games, listening actively to stories and retelling them, and doing a task that involves giving or following instructions (such as building, creating or cooking something) are just some of the activities that can help with boosting the capacity of your child’s working memory.
You can read more about activities for working memory and other executive function skills here: link to the article with the EF activities
Being able to organize the activity at hand is one of the most important skills kids need in school. So, why should we wait for school to give them opportunities to practice it?
Try involving them in the activities around the house. Sorting laundry or dishes, organizing toys or setting the table for dinner are some of the everyday activities that involve the mental processes of planning.
If you would like to have your child work on these skills through pen and paper exercises or online activities, pick those games that involve identifying the missing piece, a piece that does not belong in a group, putting together a puzzle or reorganizing the steps in a process.
Sesame Street online games offer plenty of these online.
Phonological awareness is the ability to identify, think about and manipulate sounds in spoken speech. This skill is crucial for being able to read. Kids with dyslexia struggle to recognize syllables and sounds in words and to identify the words that begin with the same sound or rhyme.
The children can improve their phonological awareness through listening to and learning poems and songs, and connecting movement such as clapping with segmenting words by syllables or identifying the first and the last sound of the word. These activities help children learn to be perceptive to different lengths of vowels.
Helping your child improve their visual processing can help them learn, and identify and spell letters more easily. Exercises for visual processing can sharpen their skills in processing the differences between objects that look alike.
Examples of such activities are:
Learning new words does not only mean knowing how to pronounce it, but also how to use it in a context. Children with dyslexia usually need more time understanding the differences between similar words, not only when they sound alike, but also when they have similar meaning.
To help them understand the word better, you can give more examples of how one word could be used. Put it more often in the context that is familiar to them. You can play the game in the car where you think of a word and start describing it, while they attempt to guess what it is. After they guess right, you can be the one guessing the word.
You can also ask them – how would you describe “word” to somebody that has never heard of that? Encourage them to put in effort in expressing their own understanding of a word and use examples to illustrate it.
All of the above-mentioned activities can still be very useful for kids after they start school and get diagnosed. However, we are recommending other activities that can be effective during school.
To help a dyslexic child, you need to know a lot about dyslexia. This is why the first step is getting the right information from reliable resources. Luckily, there are a lot of them available, both online and offline.
Here are some other online resources, with useful information on dyslexia:
And here are a few books you will surely find useful!
Neuroscientist Dr Sally Shaywitz of Yale University presents scientific research in a way that could easily be understood by any parent trying to comprehend what’s going on in the brain of a dyslexic. It also includes exercises and techniques that can help you support your child.
The book was referred to as “A must read for parents, educators, and people with dyslexia.” by Gordon F. Sherman, Ph.D., the Past-President International Dyslexia Association. It emphasizes the strengths of dyslexic children that are neglected more often than not.
Not knowing why you are having such difficulties, despite the effort you are putting into your school work, can be very confusing for children who are just learning to read. If they feel like this is a permanent and irreversible deficit, they are likely to not invest effort into learning. This is usually when most parents see their kids giving up on homework.
This is why it necessary that you educate them on what dyslexia is and how it can be helped.
For a child who struggles with dyslexia, text is not just hard to understand but also very uninspiring. So, whenever you can add an image, symbol, diagram, or colors that can help with learning, go for it! Try to encourage your child to do the same.
Almost everything we study in school can be found through videos online. After your child has read all of the text there was in the study material, help them with understanding concepts through videos on Youtube or other platforms.
Having images in your mind to quickly associate with what you were studying can help a lot in recalling information.
Associating unfamiliar things with familiar ones is a popular technique for memorization. It can be very effective in helping your child learn new words.
Help your child think of examples that include that word, based on their personal experience with the word so that they can better comprehend its meaning.
Children tend to dislike doing things they feel they do not do well. For kids with dyslexia, that is reading.
So, try to nurture their love for reading as much as possible. Encourage them to collect their own books and build their personal library. Help them pick the books they like so that you can read them together. Make reading a family activity that you all enjoy.
Watch this video for tips on how to pick books to read together.
Dyslexia can make learning quite difficult, since most of school material involves reading. Having hands-on learning experiences your child enjoys can make a lot of difference for their motivation to continue to invest effort in learning.
Whenever possible, take them to museums, watch educational shows with them or work together on science projects that are not school-related.
Curiosity is a powerful driving force! Help them discover what they are passionate about and help them learn from practice. This way your child can better understand that not all of learning comes through the written word.
Check out this cool video about 10 easy science activities that will amaze kids.
There are other ways to consume books besides reading them. For kids with dyslexia, audiobooks are a great resource! They also encourage active listening and concentration.
You can find a lot of free audiobooks on Amazon. Again, let your child make the choice of which book they would like to listen to.
Audiobooks can accompany textbooks in helping students learn how to read. There are resources such as Learning Ally that are widely used in helping kids with dyslexia.
Kids with dyslexia usually have problems following instructions and organizing their work. This is why getting ready for school, doing a chore, or working on homework can be quite challenging.
Help them understand the steps to getting something specific done. Sit with them to draft the structure of the activity. In organizing an activity with them, or modeling how the activity is organized, try to use more than just the words. Use colorful sheets or schedules to write the steps down, or even better, to illustrate them.
If they can go back to the organizer and put a star or a check next to the task they are done with, that also helps their working memory cope with challenges of that task. They do not need to keep all of the pieces of the activity in their heads at the same time. They can do one activity at a time and then simply go back to the organizer and see what comes next!
Students with dyslexia may struggle with self-confidence because of their inability to acquire seemingly simple skills. They might feel like they are less smart or capable than their peers. Many report low academic self-esteem and doubt their ability to be successful in school. 
This is why it is necessary to allow them to build their confidence in other activities. Those activities should be something they feel good about, where they can have achievements they are proud of.
Let them talk about their interests, show appreciation for what they do, and make sure that they know you acknowledge how good they are at doing something they love. This is an important way to build resilience and provide positive experiences for your child!
The digital age allows more resources for kids than ever before. There are many applications that allow kids with dyslexia to practice language skills in a form that would be more fun for them.
Google them with your child and have them pick the activities that seem to be fun. If they get to participate in choosing them, they are more likely to use them actively.
Here are a few links that can help you find interactive games for children with dyslexia:
Use these activities not only to improve skills, but to bond with your child and help them tackle the difficulties they are facing.
These activities can help a lot in making learning easier and more enjoyable.
Remember that a passion for learning can compensate for all of the difficulties in school.
Just think of Albert Einstein! He had what were considered to be speech challenges, had difficulties adjusting to the rigid way of teaching and even dropped-out of school. His teachers misjudged his potential by claiming he would not accomplish much. [3, 4]
But he stayed passionately curious. That was the drive that made him one of the most influential scientists of all time.
Nurture your child’s talents, help them develop interests, acquire tools for learning and stay motivated to learn.
Your support makes a huge difference!
Ana Jovanovic is a licensed psychotherapist who specializes in working with children and adolescents. She holds Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology. Since she works mostly remotely, her clients come from around the world. Besides working with children, Ana also supports adults in navigating through the challenges of parenthood. She has been working in many multidisciplinary teams, cooperating with teachers, speech therapists, special educators, school counselors and psychiatrists. Ana is a firm believer in lifelong learning and continuously invests in her education. For her, the core of the therapeutic or coaching process is a relationship that gives a person the confidence to share, where their thoughts and emotions are welcomed and understood.